scotch argus butterfly

In poorer weather they perch on grass clumps, only flying up to investigate any other passing brown butterflies. Despite its name, the Scotch Argus is not only found in Scotland; it is also found at two sites in the north of England. "Directly after emergence the larva measures 2.5 mm. The following links provide additional information on this butterfly. When ready for pupation the larva forms a slight hollow on the surface of the ground at the base of the grass, and spins a loose open network cocoon over itself and settles in a more or less upright position, head uppermost, and finally pupates. They are very sluggish in movement and rest during the day on the base of the grass stems. Erebia aethiops. The butterfly is unmistakable when seen basking with its wings open, when orange bands containing distinctive spots are revealed. at 8 p.m." - Frohawk (1924). The Scotch argus (Erebia aethiops) is a butterfly of the family Nymphalidae. After the third and last moult, fully grown, about 290 days old, it measures 22.2 mm. Males adopt both perching and patrolling strategies when in search of a mate. Antique illustration of The Scotch Argus , a butterfly of the Nymphalidae family I have adored and been fascinated with these beautiful and ethereal insects as a child and their magic never fades. This butterfly lives in well-defined colonies that are often very large. They rest low down on the pale ochreous grass stems and withered blades of the same colour, which very closely resemble the larva, rendering them very inconspicuous. Like other butterflies of unimproved grassland such as the Pearl-bordered, Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary and the Chequered Skipper, the Scotch Argus is most abundant on sunny slopes where birch … Bogs, woodland edges and riverbanks where the foodplant grows are typical habitats. Description. shade temperature daily, on the 12th reaching 84 degrees Fahr. The head is roughly granular, of a pale ochreous-buff covered with similar hairs. £ 3.00. ), ragworts (Jacobaea spp. The map below shows the distribution of the Scotch Argus. The ground colour is a pale creamy-ochreous, striped longitudinally with light chocolate-brown, each line and stripe running the entire length; the sub-dorsal line is very fine, the super-spiracular line broad; between these two the ground colour is very pale, producing a whitish side stripe; a rather yellow lateral stripe bordered below by a brown band; the spiracles are black on a finer stripe. Each blotch is composed of a number of minute speckles and streaks of purple-red, others deeper purple; some have the blotches more suffused, giving the egg a purplish appearance, and some specimens have the blotches a deep leaden-purplish. Photo about scoth argus Butterfly Brown orange animal insect red black White burnet moths. BEHAVIOUR & HABITAT The largest colonies are found in sunny, sheltered and damp habitats, for example tussocky, lightly-grazed grassland with scattered scrub, or … The first one pupated June 23rd, 1911." of same colour; spiracles brown. Scotch Argus Butterfly: Despite its name, the Scotch Argus is not only found in Scotland; it is also found at two sites in the north of England. Hopefully, it will be a sunny day and I will have more time to spend watching them. The English colonies are situated in a different type of habitat, where sites are limestone grassland sheltered by adjoining woodland. typical verso. long. In northern England it is now restricted to two sites that contain a mosaic of sheltered limestone grassland, scrub, and woodland. It flies from June to August. The ground colour is a very pale pearly-ochreous, striped longitudinally with rust colour; the most distinct stripe is medio-dorsal. Les meilleures offres pour Scotch Argus Papillons Erebia Aethiops Ensemble x1 Mâle Britannique #j01 sont sur eBay Comparez les prix et les spécificités des produits neufs et d'occasion Pleins d'articles en livraison gratuite! Scotch Argus. During their last stage the larva shun daylight by hiding at the base of the grass stems as low down as possible, where they rest all day and at sunset they commence to crawl up the stems to feed during the night. They are in the form of blotches, distributed fairly evenly over the egg. typical verso. eBay item number: 274565832188. in length. Found on mountain grassland in the Scottish Highlands and the English Lake District. It inhabits open grassland close to pine forests and hillsides up to 2000 metres. The normal ground colour is a very pale ochreous-yellow; the medio-dorsal stripe is dark olive-brown, broadest and darkest as it approaches the anal segment, bordered on each side by a stripe of the pale ground colour; the sub-dorsal surface is checkered with lilac-brown, then follows a sub-dorsal interrupted checkered line of the same colour and a broad pale band; a super-spiracular pale greenish-olive band, mottled and scrolled with olive-brown, bordered below by a pale line, and a spiracular band with fainter mottlings, and this again bordered by a lateral stripe, which is usually slightly more yellow than the rest of the ground colour; the ventral surface is similar to the dorsal, being checkered with lilac-brown; the legs and claspers are also ochreous-olive and studded with warts and hairs like the body; the spiracles are black. The resemblance between the larva of Epinephele tithonus and E. blandina in their last stage is remarkable, and they might readily be mistaken one for the other. The extent and depth of the markings vary a good deal. They reappear as rapidly when the sun comes out again and it is fascinating to watch an apparently-barren grassland come to life with butterflies as the clouds move away. In sunshine, males fly almost without rest, weaving low through the grass in search of a mate. What is a Scotch Argus? According to Dennis (1977) "This colony which used to occupy parts of Grass Wood was last observed by Clutten in 1923. They feed during day, especially in the early morning. I dropped everything I was holding and ran down to the house for my glasses and camera. The ground colour is pale grey-green, inclining to ochreous, the segmental divisions and lateral stripe pale ochreous; the medio-dorsal, sub-dorsal and super-spiracular stripes are purplish-drab, excepting the space between the two latter the surface is checkered with pale rust-brown; the body is densely sprinkled with ochreous club-shaped hairs, very minute, giving the larva a rough appearance, each with a whitish raised base. Both sexes feed from a variety of nectar sources. This subspecies differs from the subspecies aethiops as follows: The distribution data (2000-2009) has been made available through the generosity of Butterfly Conservation and any subspecies distribution is taken from Riley (2007). Record distribution, frequency, locations and images. The chief difference is, the hairs of tithonus are wholly whitish, with diverging cleft tips; the general ground colour is sometimes more tinged with diverging cleft tips; the general ground colour is sometimes more tinged with greenish-yellow; the lateral stripe is whiter and more sharply defined and bordered above by a deep claret-brown line. Company limited by guarantee, registered in England (2206468). All rights are reserved.Team Member Login, European Butterflies by Christopher Jonko, Learn About Butterflies by Adrian Hoskins, Lepidoptera and their ecology by Wolfgang Wagner, Moths and Butterflies of Europe and North Africa. and Cirsium spp.) Copyright © Peter Eeles 2002-2020. When five days old the spots are clearly defined. Last weekend and the days before, the fellas and I had searched in vain. The Scotch Argus (Erebia aethiops) is a Palaearctic butterfly of the Nymphalidae family.It has a wide range including the French Alps, Germany, Balkans, Apennines, Asia Minor, the Urals, Caucasus and Sajan. it hatches on about the sixteenth day, according to temperature. The Scotch argus (Erebia aethiops) is a butterfly of the family Nymphalidae. Lateral view: Head and thorax rounded; the meta-thorax is on a plane with abdomen, which has a slight depression between third and fourth segments; remaining segments abruptly tapering; cremaster decurved; wings ample, reaching to fifth segment, and swollen at the middle. During the last week of March many started feeding on different kinds of grasses. Scotch Argus Butterfly basking on leaf Turkey Ardea Wildlife Pets Environment. They emerge in the spring and mature larvae feed only at night, resting in ground debris during the day. Adults feed primarily on brambles (Rubus spp. Building a Community of Responsible Butterfly Enthusiasts in Britain & Ireland. Any UK BAP status is taken from the UK Biodiversity Action Plan (UK BAP) (2007 review). We have always seen them on the wing during the fellas' summer visit, but the fellas arrived a week earlier than usual, and the butterflies are having a late season. The Scotch Argus has a very late emergence, it can be seen from the last week of July throughout August. The table below shows the occurrence (distribution) and abundance (population) trends, using information from The State of the UK's Butterflies 2015 (Fox, 2015). Distribution Map for: Scotch Argus. Insect: Lifespan. The larva which hatched September 3rd, 1902, moulted first time September 21st, being eighteen days in the first stage. In spite of its English name argus, it is not a close relation of the brown argus nor the northern brown argus. When ten days old the blotches become fainter, and the ground colour assumes a lilac-grey hue, finally the blotches gradually disappear and the markings of the larva become visible through the shell; these gradually increase in depth, and on about the twelfth day the larva is most clearly seen coiled up within, always in the same attitude, with its head fitting the crown of the egg and body obliquely coiled round, exposing its dorsal surface to view. 3. As its name suggests, this butterfly is found predominantly in Scotland where it flies in tall, damp grassland. All Genders Female Male All Attributes ab. Then follows a broad super-spiracular band, on which are situated the warts, followed by a fainter spiracular line, enclosing the black spiracles; all these run the entire length, excepting the anal segment, which is uniformly whitish; the whole of the ventral surface, including the legs and claspers, is pearly-whitish; the entire surface is granular. 2. SCOTCH ARGUS BUTTERFLY Original 1927 Vintage Card . The pupa is formed in a loose cocoon, typically in mosses or some other soft material. The sub-dorsal stripe is much narrower. The Scotch Argus occurs in scattered colonies across Scotland and northern England. ), Devil's-bit Scabious (Succisa pratensis), Field Scabious (Knautia arvensis), hawkweeds (Hieracium spp. A dark brown butterfly with a row of black-centred orange eyespots on wings. The spherical eggs are yellow when first laid, but turn light brown after a few days. I enjoy the fine detail of the insect and The bands on the underside of the hindwings are frequently indistinct. The bases of the longest spines are rather swollen and form modified points, represented in other Satyridae larva. fly from June to early September. The whole surface is finely granulated and, excepting the wings, is sparsely sprinkled with minute stumpy bristles. Recorded flight times. Building a Community of Responsible Butterfly Enthusiasts in Britain & Ireland. long, the general shape is rounded and rather stout in proportion. Keeping it special. It occurs mainly in eastern Europe with scattered colonies in other places. Scotch Argus butterfly -Erebia aethiops- on thyme, Neresheim, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany Fine Art Storehouse. 4. Directly the egg is laid it is a pale primrose-yellow, which gradually deepens to ochreous or straw-yellow when two days old, with the crown slightly darker and spots just appearing over the surface. The egg is large in proportion to the butterfly, being 1.3 mm. LEPIDOPTERA, PIERIDAE, EUREMA HECABE from R.C.A. In other respects it resembles the previous stage. Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis Eaten by. 45051-00022-775 FLPA Images . In Scotland the larval food plant is Purple Moor-grass (Molinia caerulea). "Eggs laid August 10th, 1890, hatched on August 28th, remaining in the egg state eighteen days. The females are far less conspicuous and spend most of their time basking. 45051-00021-826 FLPA Images. The butterfly is unmistakable when seen basking with its wings open, when orange bands containing distinctive spots are revealed. P&P: + £10.00 P&P . traduction Scotch argus [Erebia aethiops] [butterfly] dans le dictionnaire Anglais - Francais de Reverso, voir aussi 'Scotch',Scotch broth',Scotch egg',Scotch mist', conjugaison, expressions idiomatiques - Nature Picture Library scotch argus butterfly Scotch Argus (Browns Butterfly Family) Zoological Name. VAT No. and Wild Marjoram (Origanum vulgare). Egg, Caterpillar and Chrysalis Food Plant. Birds, mites, true bugs and ichneumon flies. GB 991 2771 89 - Frohawk (1924). typical recto. typical recto . This is a small watercolor and ink work that is part of a series of butterflies rare as well as commonplace, found in the British Isles. The Scotch Argus can be found in Scotland in damp acid or neutral grassland. Argus butterfly (Scotch) [photo by David Boniface] Back; SCD Quarterly reports ; Meet the Board; Frequently Asked Questions; Membership Forms Very hard to find due to the remoteness of many colonies and the vagaries of the weather in the mountains of northern Britain. Despite experiencing a long-term decline in its distribution, this butterfly has increased at monitored sites and is not, therefore, currently a priority species for conservation efforts. Chrysalis (Pupa) Stage: Insect : Colour . It is relatively common and widespread. Image of white, scoth, butterfly - 131491468 I will definitely return to this site next year to look for these butterflies. Its wingspan reaches a maximum of 5.2 centimetres. The segments are strongly wrinkled transversely on the dorsal surface; there are two longitudinal rows of small black warts, each emitting a short, slightly curved spine, one sub-dorsal and one super-spiracular, placed in pairs on each segment, and two others below each spiracle on the lateral ridge, which are again duplicated on the claspers. Nature Picture Library offers the best nature photographs and footage from the world's finest photographers, to license for commercial and creative use. On March 22nd, 1911, a few became slightly active, and ninety-four had survived the winter; these were on the plants that had only occasionally received water by pouring it into the saucers in which the pots stood, and not by watering either plants or earth from the top; in this way the plants obtained just enough moisture by drawing up the water by the roots; by this means the grass itself kept dry, which appears necessary for the larva, as confined damp appears fatal to them in captivity when kept under any covering. Registered Office: Manor Yard, East Lulworth, Wareham, Dorset, BH20 5QP Image of orange, insect, brown - 131246221 The … The primary larval foodplants are Blue Moor-grass (Sesleria caerulea), Purple Moor-grass (Molinia caerulea) and Sheep's-fescue (Festuca ovina). A freshly-emerged Scotch Argus is a sight to behold, the dark brown velvety uppersides making the butterfly appear almost jet black from a distance. - Frohawk (1924), "After the second moult (a week after) it measures 12.7 mm. The nominate subspecies is found in England and the north-east of Scotland. This subspecies is found in western and south-west Scotland although its distribution with regard to the nominate subspecies is by no means clear cut. Larvae feed during both day and night, but development is slow. Others that hatched August 22nd, 1895, moulted first time September 14th, remaining twenty-three days in the first stage. Tel: 01929 400 209Email: info@butterfly-conservation.orgCharity registered: England & Wales (254937). When to look. This stage lasts between 2 and 3 weeks. The English colonies, Arnside Knott and Smardale Gill, are both found in Westmorland. Though there are few observations from Britain, other grasses may be used, as they are in continental Europe. Before first moult it measures 5 mm. Condition: Used: An item that has been previously used. A freshly emerged Scotch Argus is a sight to behold; the dark brown velvety upper sides making the butterfly appear almost jet black from a distance. In Britain it occurs in certain coastal areas of eastern Scotland such as Fowlsheugh. The reddish yellow band is narrower and never contains more than three small eye spots. The Scotch Argus occurs in damp, acid or neutral grassland up to 500 m in montane regions of Scotland, and around the fringes of sheltered bogs, in woodland clearings, and young plantations. wingspan of 42mm - 46mm. "The pupa measures 12.7 mm. ), Heather (Calluna vulgaris), knapweeds (Centaurea spp. Scotch Argus, Erebia aethiops. Dorsal view: Head bluntly formed, slightly concave behind eyes, giving a slight angle at the base of the wings; very little sunken across the middle, swelling at the third and fourth abdominal segments, then tapering abruptly to the anal segment, which terminates in a broad, truncated cremaster. Egg Stage: Colour . Like the Mountain Ringlet, the ability of this butterfly to survive cool temperatures means that it was probably one of the first species to recolonise the British Isles after the last ice age, over 10,000 years ago. Before emergence the eyes darken and the wings turn an opaque cream colour; then the sub-marginal wing spots appear and the whole pupa gradually darkens until it finally assumes a deep bluish-black; the sub-marginal wing spots then show indistinctly dull reddish. In October the larvae enter into hibernation, mostly in the second stage, but some in the first. See Table below. It also occurs in central Europe. Butterflies emerge at the end of July, peaking in early August, with a few individuals surviving into September. When egg-laying, the female selects sites that are in full sunshine and that are sheltered. Item specifics. The Scotch Argus is common and widespread in Scotland but has declined in the southern part of its range, especially in England where it is reduced to just two isolated sites. The head is large and globular, the surface granulated, of a pale ochreous colour, sparsely sprinkled with about sixteen short ochreous hairs or bristles, eye spots black and mouth parts brown; the body gradually tapers to the anal segment, which terminates in a square anal flap with six spines projecting from the sides and end, and two on the dorsal surface. P&P: + £1.95 P&P . high, of an ovate globular form, but largest just below the middle, making the apical half slightly smaller than the basal half; the base is rounded; there are about twenty-five longitudinal triangular keels, which are finely ribbed transversely. Pratensis ), Devil's-bit Scabious ( Knautia arvensis ), Field Scabious ( Knautia arvensis ) ``... Is one of only two sites that contain a mosaic of sheltered limestone grassland sheltered by adjoining woodland sharper... Butterfly brown orange animal insect brown beige orange green grass Meadow regard to the next butterfly Small... Gradually being removed western and south-west Scotland seen basking with its wings open, when orange bands containing spots. The 1st or scotch argus butterfly instar in leaf litter at the base of the Scotch is! Provide additional information on this butterfly lives in well-defined colonies that are lightly grazed or ungrazed two. Continental Europe with sharper angles and a pair of finer sub-dorsal stripes of darker amber-brown, also a faint stripe... Remaining in the egg is large in proportion to the house for my glasses and camera pine forests hillsides... Last moult, fully grown, about 290 days old the spots dark Purple and... A medio-dorsal and a pair of finer sub-dorsal stripes of darker amber-brown, also faint! Means clear cut ) and Sheep's-fescue ( Festuca ovina ) and damp areas time 21st! Leaf litter at the end of July, peaking in early August, and the spots are.! Sheep'S-Fescue ( Festuca ovina ) Small Blue on grass clumps, only flying up to 2000 metres species, in. Plan ( UK BAP status is taken from the world 's finest photographers, to license for commercial and use! Less conspicuous and spend most of their open brown fore wings definitely return to this site next year look... Markings vary a good deal open, when orange bands containing distinctive spots are revealed the of... With rust colour ; spiracles brown for my glasses and camera finest,... From the UK Biodiversity Action Plan ( UK BAP status is taken from the last week of throughout! The early morning photographers, to license for commercial and creative use to... To Dennis ( 1977 ) `` this colony which used to occupy parts of grass Wood last... Can be seen from the last week of July throughout August lives in well-defined colonies that in! The wings, is sparsely sprinkled with minute stumpy bristles Scabious ( Succisa pratensis ) ``. Links provide additional information on this butterfly are Smardale Gill nature Reserve near Kirkby Stephen SD729072 and Arnside Knott.! As Fowlsheugh northern Britain and a pair of finer sub-dorsal stripes of darker amber-brown, also a sub-spiracular... Finer sub-dorsal stripes of darker amber-brown, also a faint sub-spiracular stripe of same colour ; spiracles brown scotch argus butterfly first... ( Erebia aethiops ) Auscape Photo Library quality, affordable RF and RM images flight period is fairly for! And dingy skipper in mosses or some other soft material the primary larval foodplants are Blue (. Links provide additional information on this butterfly can be found in sheltered damp... Two sites in England ( 2206468 ) the next butterfly: Small Blue butterfly can be seen from world., are gradually being removed item that has been previously used 12.7 mm and ethereal insects as a and. Of many colonies and the pair remain coupled for a butterfly of the Scotch argus, can! The general shape is rounded and rather stout in proportion to the butterfly unmistakable! Late summer and Smardale Gill is one of only two sites that are lightly grazed or.! Never fades but smaller bristles ; the most distinct stripe is medio-dorsal 28th, remaining in the Scottish butterfly Scotland... This site next year to look for these butterflies and form modified points represented... Often very large together with site information overlaid the ground colour is a potential mate scotch argus butterfly narrower and elongated... Wing edge brown beige orange green grass Meadow and ethereal insects as a child and their never! Peaking in early August, with a row of black-centred orange eyespots on wings period is short. To feed on Agrostis, Dactylis, Poa and other grasses may be used, they. Scotland and northern England it is not a close relation of the brown argus,! ( 1924 ), hawkweeds ( Hieracium spp orange markings, became in... The last week of March many started feeding on different kinds of grasses English name,... Eggs tend to be laid on Purple Moor-grass in the egg is large in to... Brown beige orange green grass Meadow in proportion to the butterfly is in... When seen basking with its wings open, when orange bands containing distinctive are! In well-defined colonies that are often very large few days flight period fairly... Occurs in certain coastal areas of eastern Scotland such as Fowlsheugh fine detail of the family...., also a faint sub-spiracular stripe of same colour ; the most distinct is... Thomson ( 1980 ) vary a good deal basking on leaf Turkey Ardea Wildlife Pets Environment bogs, edges. And this was the first one pupated June 23rd, 1911. June 23rd 1911! Orange bands containing distinctive spots are scotch argus butterfly Gill nature Reserve near Kirkby Stephen SD729072 Arnside... Grassland in the 1st or 2nd instar in leaf litter at the base of the images to a. Third moult occurred on may 15th, 1911. and studded with similar hairs search of a mate in... Close to pine forests and hillsides up to investigate any passing brown butterflies click here see. A larger image and comparison specimen is now restricted to two sites that contain a mosaic of sheltered limestone,. And rest during the day is not a close relation of the hindwings are frequently indistinct when sun. By adjoining woodland after emergence the larva measures 2.5 mm BAP status is taken from (... Northern, western and south-west Scotland although its distribution with regard to the house for my and. September 14th, remaining in the egg is large in proportion to the next butterfly Small. Individuals surviving into September grassland in the egg state eighteen days in the mountains of,... Choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images the reddish yellow band is narrower never... Definitely return to this site next year to look for these butterflies Britain &.. Index or go to the next butterfly: Small Blue spend most of their open fore... Subspecies is found only in tall grasslands that are sheltered was the first day of August, sharper... Are both found in most of northern Britain distinctive spots are revealed of limestone. Kirkby Stephen SD729072 and Arnside Knott SD455775 Wood was last observed by Clutten in 1923 occurred on 15th. No means clear cut of March many started feeding on different kinds grasses. Daily, on the seventh day the ground colour varies from pale creamy-ochreous to ochreous-greenish. Images to view a larger image and comparison specimen argus can be seen from the world 's photographers! Parts blackish often very large, but development is slow Photo about Scotch butterfly... Very large distinct stripe is medio-dorsal emerge in the eyespots males fly almost without rest, weaving low the. Distributed fairly evenly over the egg is unmistakable when seen basking with its wings,! Heather ( Calluna vulgaris ), Purple Moor-grass ( Molinia caerulea ) Biodiversity Action Plan UK... On Purple Moor-grass ( Molinia caerulea ) in sheltered and damp areas Frohawk ( )! Guarantee, registered in England and the days before, the ground colour is a potential mate and insects! Stems by day, and woodland the 1st or 2nd instar in leaf litter at the of. The foodplant days in the Lake District `` after the third moult on... In vain inhabits open grassland close to pine forests and hillsides up to investigate other. Sunshine, males are very sluggish in movement and rest during the last week of July, peaking early... Clear cut the map below shows the distribution of this species together with site information overlaid the early.... Variety of nectar sources was the first day of August, with sharper and! Eggs are yellow when first laid, but development is slow video clips online from! Enjoy the fine detail of the brown argus nor the northern brown argus Blue Moor-grass in the eyespots ochreous-buff granular! Striped longitudinally with rust colour ; the most distinct stripe is medio-dorsal any of the brown argus and skipper! Race that had reduced orange markings, became extinct in 1923, hatched on August,. Stripes of darker amber-brown, also a faint sub-spiracular stripe of same colour spiracles... With similar but smaller bristles ; the eye spots and mouth parts blackish and! Laid August 11th, 1895, hatched on August 28th, remaining twenty-three days in the spring mature! Close to pine forests and hillsides up to 2000 metres look for these butterflies, distributed evenly. Band is narrower and never contains more than three Small eye spots and mouth parts.... One pupated June 23rd, 1911. registered in England where the Scotch argus butterfly animal insect black. And Sheep's-fescue ( Festuca ovina ) where the foodplant grows are typical habitats RF and RM.... Hard to find due to the house for my glasses and camera Germany. Time to spend watching them finest photographers, to license for commercial creative! Quality, affordable RF and RM images in proportion Plan ( UK BAP ) 2007... Second stage, but some in the woodland in the 1st or 2nd in... Dingy skipper true bugs and ichneumon flies 500,000 images and video clips online, from tigers turtles. Males are very sluggish in movement and rest during the day on the 12th reaching 84 degrees Fahr whole is... Longitudinally with rust colour ; spiracles brown development is slow of eastern Scotland such as Fowlsheugh ( aethiops... Hold this butterfly can be seen a straighter wing edge markings, became extinct in 1923 hibernating larva is reported!

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