classification of textile fibres pdf

/Type /Page /Parent 24 0 R /XObject << << endobj >> /P 40 0 R >> Yarns play an important role in the fabric manufacturing process since a majority of the textile materials are constructed with yarns. /StructParents 96 >> >> endobj /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /F1 448 0 R /CropBox [0 0 612 792] /P 38 0 R /XObject << /Img12 349 0 R /Img18 305 0 R >> 166 0 obj 214 0 obj /K 0 >> /Contents 386 0 R /CropBox [0 0 612 792] /Pg 77 0 R /Type /Pages << /Count 5 64 0 obj /Pattern << 98 [284 0 R] /Contents 300 0 R thousand years, the usage of fibre was limited by natural fibres such as flax, cotton, silk, wool and plant fibres for different applications. 26 [202 0 R] /Type /Metadata /Font << 34 0 obj 3.1 The cellulosic fibers ; … 160 0 obj /XObject << /Kids [20 0 R 21 0 R 22 0 R 23 0 R 24 0 R] /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] 120 0 obj /S /Part /CropBox [0 0 612 792] /XObject << /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /Kids [159 0 R 160 0 R 161 0 R 162 0 R 163 0 R 164 0 R 165 0 R 166 0 R 167 0 R] 198 0 obj /Font << /Resources << endobj /Pg 177 0 R /S /Part /A 14 0 R /Contents 469 0 R The basic material of all plant life is cellulose. endobj /F2 395 0 R 60 [240 0 R] /K 0 /Resources << /F2 340 0 R >> /K 12 0 R /XObject << /Type /Page >> /Contents 492 0 R /Metadata 241 0 R endobj /P 43 0 R /K 0 /F1 394 0 R /F2 499 0 R << /F3 396 0 R doPDF Ver 7.3 Build 394 (Windows 7 Ultimate Edition - Version: 6.1.7600 (x86)) /Img26 487 0 R endobj 2015-07-28T11:53+05:30 /Count 5 /Pattern << /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /Title (Unit 8) /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] Adobe Acrobat Pro Extended 9.0.0 /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /S /Part 1.2 Characteristics of a good textile fibre 4 1.2.1 Essential properties of a textile fibre 5 1.2.2 Desirable properties of textile fibre 6 1.3 Classification of textile fibres 10 1.3.1 Classification according to their nature and origin 11 1.3.2 Classification according to their botanical, zoological or chemical name 16 Fibers used for the production of yarn and fabric are Textile fibers. 151 0 obj /Font << /Kids [107 0 R 108 0 R 109 0 R 110 0 R 111 0 R 112 0 R 113 0 R] endobj /Contents 419 0 R endobj << /Pattern5382C53B 351 0 R 31 [207 0 R] >> /K 0 /Img22 428 0 R 1 0 obj endobj /CropBox [0 0 612 792] << /Count 5 >> endobj << polyacrylic), (2) inhomogeneity of the textile fibres in the case of two-component fibres and (3) intrinsic similarity between the spectra of some fibres (e.g. >> /StructParents 19 endobj /Resources << uses of textile fibres. /StructParents 12 /K 0 /XObject << /Type /Page /Img30 305 0 R >> /S /Part >> /XObject << /Resources << 162 0 obj endobj /Pg 163 0 R >> /A 17 0 R 100 0 obj 96 [282 0 R] /Font << 227 0 obj /F2 414 0 R /Parent 20 0 R 25 [201 0 R] /K 0 /Contents 361 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] 261 0 obj >> /F1 294 0 R << /Img17 305 0 R >> /Resources << 16 [190 0 R] /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /Rotate 0 /Length 3423 /F1 413 0 R >> endobj >> /K 0 /Font << 18 [192 0 R] /Type /Page >> /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /Parent 25 0 R << << 142 0 obj >> << << /Type /Page /Pg 166 0 R >> /F3 415 0 R Classification of Textile … /F1 464 0 R 152 0 obj /Img10 471 0 R /SE 19 0 R >> 2015-07-29T12:06:11+05:30 /Pg 76 0 R >> /Resources << /F1 464 0 R >> 251 0 obj endobj /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /Type /Pages E�D��j�=�ۯ�ҏ�Pb�������Ln���ؚ�k�dh�;�"������w[�c����$J���hK�!\/%-�.Q8e���F�x�-�@0:&�bqCs��▟��&)�e�%I /Resources << /StructParents 7 >> /Pg 169 0 R /Resources << /Length 696 33 0 obj 72 0 obj /Parent 27 0 R /Count 6 >> /Parent 3 0 R /Img17 305 0 R /Parent 28 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /Type /Page 225 0 obj >> /P 39 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /S /Part /S /Part /S /Part /Rotate 0 29 0 obj << /Font << doPDF Ver 7.3 Build 394 (Windows 7 Ultimate Edition - Version: 6.1.7600 (x86)) /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /Img8 305 0 R /Pattern5381C43B 410 0 R /Resources << >> /Rotate 0 >> /Contents 486 0 R Unit 1 - Introduction to textile materials Quadrant 1 – e-Text Learning Objectives The learning objectives of this unit are: Define basic textile materials such as fibres, yarns and fabrics. >> >> /Type /Page /Rotate 0 /Parent 23 0 R 228 0 obj /Parent 25 0 R /CropBox [0 0 612 792] >> /StructParents 56 /Img15 305 0 R >> endobj /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] >> endobj /S /Part 240 0 obj 203 0 obj 17 0 obj /StructParents 70 /Parent 31 0 R 132 0 obj /Pattern537CC43B 391 0 R /Rotate 0 /XObject << /Pattern764E261A 374 0 R /CropBox [0 0 612 792] /F1 339 0 R /F3 500 0 R In a very general way, a fiber is defined as any product capable of being woven or otherwise made into a fabric. 144 0 obj >> /Pattern << /Rotate 0 endobj << /P 16 0 R /F1 294 0 R 256 0 obj endobj They can be classified according to their origin. /CropBox [0 0 612 792] /F2 340 0 R /Pattern << >> /CreationDate (D:20150728115228+05'30') /F1 339 0 R /F1 498 0 R /K 0 /P 19 0 R /Pg 105 0 R << endobj 32 0 obj %���� /Pg 114 0 R /Rotate 0 << /StructParents 74 /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] 41 0 obj << /StructParents 75 /Type /Pages /CreationDate (D:20150728115253+05'30') >> /Contents 502 0 R >> << /P 37 0 R /Rotate 0 endobj >> endobj /S /Part /Pg 145 0 R /StructParents 37 /F3 415 0 R /Type /Metadata /Parent 22 0 R /Font << << /Resources << /Img1 305 0 R /S /Part /F2 414 0 R /StructParents 69 /Rotate 0 /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] 271 0 obj endobj >> /XObject << >> >> /F1 413 0 R /Rotate 0 endobj 2.1 Natural Fibers Natural fibers are those that occur in fiber form in nature. d) Pliability or flexibility. endobj << >> /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /Contents 390 0 R << 176 0 obj >> /Pattern5384C43B 360 0 R Different Types of Textile Printing Methods: Printing effect is performed by using some instruments like screen, roller, block etc. /S /Part /Pg 172 0 R /Subtype /XML << /F3 372 0 R /P 16 0 R >> /Type /Page endobj /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] << /Resources << /F3 500 0 R /Type /Page /K 0 >> >> /Contents 462 0 R /Type /Page /Rotate 0 /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] endobj /S /GoTo /Img20 305 0 R >> /Pg 78 0 R /Pg 119 0 R Different Types of Textile Printing Methods: Printing effect is performed by using some instruments like screen, roller, block etc. /Rotate 0 /Parent 22 0 R endobj Request PDF | Classification of Technical Textiles | The textile products are broadly divided into two groups, i.e., conventional textiles and technical textiles. << /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] >> << /Contents 405 0 R >> 47 0 obj “The textile fibres produced by human through one or more types of chemical process are called man-made or synthetic fibres”. %PDF-1.6 /P 38 0 R /Type /Pages /Img23 484 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /CropBox [0 0 612 792] >> /Font << 101 [66 0 R] /Rotate 0 /Font << /S /Part Wool as textile fibre. /Resources << /S /Part /Resources << /F2 414 0 R It may be thought of as the smallest visible unit of textile production. /F1 464 0 R /Pattern << << /Info 181 0 R /Metadata 253 0 R endobj >> /S /Part /Pg 98 0 R All the methods followed for printing has listed in the following: /F3 372 0 R /F1 413 0 R << /Type /Page >> /F2 465 0 R endobj /F2 371 0 R >> /Resources << /CropBox [0 0 612 792] endobj ODD fleeces 7. >> /XObject << Chapter 1 Introduction to Textile Fibres 1. /Img3 305 0 R 84 0 obj >> 131 0 obj /P 42 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] >> /XObject << >> /Parent 11 0 R 28 0 obj /S /Part endobj /Resources << 57 0 obj /S /Part /K 0 /Resources << /Outlines 3 0 R /Pattern << >> /Resources << 97 0 obj endobj /CropBox [0 0 612 792] >> 197 0 obj /Parent 21 0 R /F1 301 0 R << /Pg 168 0 R /Parent 34 0 R 53 0 obj /StructParents 102 /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] >> /S /Part /Font << /Resources << /Type /Pages /XObject << << /F3 415 0 R >> /CropBox [0 0 612 792] /Prev 15 0 R << /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] 4 [55 0 R] 46 0 obj >> >> /F2 302 0 R 199 0 obj /Type /Metadata /Rotate 0 >> /F1 301 0 R /Pg 103 0 R 105 [70 0 R] /P 37 0 R >> /Pg 125 0 R /Resources << /Img20 305 0 R /Pattern << >> >> /K 0 Natural fiber. /Length 696 doPDF Ver 7.3 Build 394 (Windows 7 Ultimate Edition - Version: 6.1.7600 (x86)) >> /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] !(!0*21/*.-4;K@48G9-.BYBGNPTUT3? << /P 19 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] endobj /S /Part /Contents 417 0 R >> /Pg 157 0 R /XObject << >> /Pattern537FC53B 334 0 R 111 0 obj /S /Part /Pg 148 0 R /Pg 154 0 R 19 [195 0 R] /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] 36 0 obj << /S /Part /Rotate 0 /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] >> endobj /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /S /Part /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /Pg 107 0 R /P 16 0 R >> 41 [219 0 R] /Resources << << /Rotate 0 /P 37 0 R /K 0 123 0 obj /F3 341 0 R Purchase Physical Properties of Textile Fibres - 4th Edition. Types of Fiber: Generally two types of Textile fiber. >> >> /SE 16 0 R endobj /Type /Page >> We doesn't provide uses of textile fibres products or service, please contact them directly and verify their companies info carefully. /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] >> /F1 413 0 R endstream /F3 296 0 R >> >> << endobj /XObject << /Resources << >> doPDF Ver 7.3 Build 394 (Windows 7 Ultimate Edition - Version: 6.1.7600 (x86)) /F3 341 0 R /Contents 489 0 R /P 38 0 R /F1 301 0 R >> 39 [217 0 R] >> /CropBox [0 0 612 792] /K 0 /S /Part /CropBox [0 0 612 792] /CropBox [0 0 612 792] /Img14 305 0 R /P 43 0 R >> 60 0 obj >> /StructParents 39 /Resources << /CreationDate (D:20150728115314+05'30') /Pattern764E291A 304 0 R >> endobj /Pattern764E281A 324 0 R /Pattern << /F3 372 0 R >> /K 0 Classification of Nerve Fiber: Based on the presence or absence of myelin sheath, they are classified into myelinated or non-myelinated nerve fibers. /Rotate 0 /Contents 512 0 R endobj /Img16 305 0 R >> /CropBox [0 0 612 792] /F1 464 0 R /Font << /S /Part /Metadata 59 0 R /Font << /Type /Page /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /F1 370 0 R endobj endobj endobj << >> /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] >> >> /F2 395 0 R >> /StructParents 33 /P 37 0 R /Count 109 Fiber can be collected or created from different natural sources such as animal hair, insect cocoons as with silkworm and as well as semi-synthetic methods. /Kids [30 0 R 31 0 R 32 0 R 33 0 R 34 0 R 35 0 R 36 0 R] /Parent 33 0 R /CropBox [0 0 612 792] /Type /Page /K 0 /Parent 32 0 R << >> /Resources << >> >> >> /Img15 305 0 R >> Single source produced by plants, animals, and geological processes is between. 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